List of Edible Mushrooms

This list of edible mushrooms is designed to be a handy reference for anyone seeking new mushrooms they’d like to try. We’ve divided the list into a few sections: cultivated, foraged, and simply other edible mushrooms. For both cultivated and foraged we are referencing commercially viable mushrooms. In the edible list we list mushrooms that are commonly eaten only. Some mushrooms are conditionally safe to eat, we do not list all precautions here and would prefer you stay safe! If you don’t know proper safety for preparing a mushroom don’t eat it!

Cultivated Mushrooms

Common Mushroom

Species: Agaricus bisporus
Other names: Button mushroom, cremini, baby-bella, portobello
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Beech Mushroom

Species: Hypsizygus tessellatus
Other Names: Bunapi-shimeji and Bunapi-shimeji
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Species: Flammulina velutipes
Other Names: Golden needle mushroom, seafood mushroom, lily mushroom, winter mushroom, velvet foot, velvet shank, and velvet stem.
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Lion’s Mane

Species: Hericium erinaceus
Other Names: Monkey head, bearded tooth, satyr’s beard, bearded hedgehog, and pom pom mushroom.
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Wood Ear

Species: Auricularia auricula-judae
Other Names: Jew’s ear and jelly ear.
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Species: Pleurotus …
Note: Oyster mushroom refers to any of 38 closely related mushrooms, several of which have been reclassified in recent years. All appear roughly similar and most are edible.
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Snow Fungus

Species: Tremella fuciformis
Other Names: Snow ear, silver ear fungus, and white jelly.


Species: Lentinula edodes
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Straw Mushroom

Species: Volvariella volvacea
Other Names: Paddy straw mushroom.

Wine Cap

Species: Stropharia rugosoannulata
Other Names: Burgundy mushroom, garden giant, and king stropharia.
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Species: Hericium erinaceus
Other Names: Velvet pioppini, poplar, and black poplar mushroom.
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Species: Ganoderma Lucidum
Other Names: Lingzhi.
Notes: While technically edible as a tea, Reishi is a tough woody mushroom and it is typically used in traditional medicine. The preparation of Reishi is extremely important and there are known toxic effects. Current medical uses of Reishi are being researched further and it is not currently advised to be used to treat any illness.
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Foraged – Wild Mushrooms

Pig Mushrooms

Species: Boletus edulis
Other Names: Fungo procino, Steinpilz, stone mushroom, white mushroom, wolf mushroom, king bolete and penny bun.

Sculpted Giant Puffball Mushroom

Species: Calbovista subsculpta

Giant Puffball Mushroom

Species: Calvatia gigantea


Species: Cantharellus cibarius
Note: There are poisonous mushrooms that look like Chanterelle, be sure to have wild mushrooms identified before eating them.

Tube Chanterelle

Species: Cantharellus tubaeformis
Other Names: Yellowfoot chanterelle, yellow leg.


Species: Clitocybe nuda

Gypsy Mushroom

Species: Cortinarius caperatus

Horn of Plenty

Species: Craterellus cornucopioides
Other Names: Trompette de la mort (trumpet of death)

Hen of the Woods

Species: Grifola frondosa
Other Names: Maitake, sheep’s head.

Sweet Tooth Fungus

Species: Hydnum repandum
Other Names: Hedgehog mushroom, urchin of the woods

Saffron Milk Cap

Species: Lactarius deliciosus


Species: Morchella conica & Morchella esculenta
Note: Morels have a common look alike species group referred to as false morels. These mushrooms are poisonous but can easily be distinguished by an expert. Always check your mushrooms with someone before eating. Additionally, morels must always be cooked before eating.


Species: Tricholoma matsutake


Species: Tuber …
Note: Truffles come in many varieties, some of which can be cultivated, but most of which are still wild exclusively. These mushrooms are very difficult to grow even in commercial settings and their rarity has lead to high prices for these mushrooms.

Other Edible Species

The following are some other common edible species. For this list we have only provided mushrooms which have common names and are fairly well known.

  • Horse Mushroom (Agaricus arvensis)
  • Pinewood Mushroom (Agaricus silvaticus)
  • Caesar’s Mushroom (Amanita caesarea)
  • Bay Bolete (Boletus badius)
  • St George’s Mushroom (Calocybe gambosa)
  • Spike Cap Mushroom (Chroogomphus rutilus)
  • Shaggy Ink Cap (Coprinus comatus)
  • Corn Smut (Ustilago maydis)
  • Ox Tongue (Fisulina hepatica)
  • Orange Milkcap (Lactarius deterrimus)
  • Chicken Mushroom (Laetiporus sulphureus)
  • Birch Bolete (Leccinum scabrum)
  • Parasol Mushroom (Macrolepiota procera)
  • Dryad’s Saddle (Polyporus Squamosus)
  • Cauliflower Mushroom (Sparassis crispa)

Though there are hundreds of other edible species out there. Many of the mushrooms we excluded from this list are either dangerous to handle or must be prepared in special ways to avoid health risks.